Myth

Black sugar has fewer calories than white

Black sugar has almost the same calories as white. However, black sugar is superior to white because of its higher content in some nutrients such as calcium, magnesium and potassium.

Truth

Olive oil has the same calories as the seed oil

Olive oil has exactly the same calories as seed oils and in particular one tablespoon delivers 135 calories. But where olive oil prevails over the other oils, is its nutritional value as it is a rich source of vitamin E and a range of other antioxidants called polyphenols that have been associated with its cardioprotective effect. It is also more durable than other oils as it is more resistant to heat treatment and this makes it safer in cooking uses such as frying.

Myth

Honey has fewer calories than sugar

Honey has slightly more calories than sugar. However, honey is of higher nutritional value than processed sugar as it also contains small amounts of certain vitamins.

Truth

Avocados are not part of the fruit group

Avocado belongs to the fat-oil group because of its high fat content. A moderate avocado (200g) yields about 322kcal. But it has many beneficial properties due to its high content of vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin K, carotenoids, fiber, magnesium, potassium, copper and monounsaturated fat.

Myth

Drinking a glass of cold water with lemon every morning weaken us

There are no food or substances that act as fat burners. The body starts to "burn" fat when the calories intake are less than those consumed.

Myth

I must not combine carbohydrates with proteins in the same meal

There is no scientific research that has so far proved that meat with rice or chicken with pasta causes weight gain. Instead, a meal including foods from different groups is considered more balanced as it provides more nutrients. Maintaining a desired weight is achieved by maintaining the energy balance.

Myth

Gluten is "bad" for everyone

Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. People with gluten disorder (celiac disease) can not metabolize this protein and their immune system responds to damage to the intestine. Symptoms that occur are abdominal pains, headaches, dizziness, puffiness, muscle aches and dyspepsia. The most important way to deal with it is to avoid any gluten-containing food, even in very small quantities.

Truth

There are no "fat" foods and "weakening" foods

There are no "good" and "bad" foods, food that "grows" and food that "weakens". A diet that includes foods from all the groups and is calorically balanced is the ideal one. It helps us to maintain a correct and stable weight and protects us from the appearance of various chronic diseases.

Myth

Butter is better than margarine

Animal butter consists essentially of saturated fat which increases cholesterol levels in the blood and therefore the risk of heart disease. In contrast, margarines are made from oils of vegetable origin and therefore contain mainly polyunsaturated (omega 3 and omega 6) and monounsaturated fats, while they have low saturated fat content and do not contain cholesterol. In addition, margarines are sources of fat-soluble vitamins A, D and E. Finally, it should be noted that the evolution in their manufacturing process has relieved margarines from the hydrogenated fats (trans fats) who have been accused of raising bad cholesterol , and their content now is negligible.

Myth

Whole wheat bread has fewer calories than white bread

Whole wheat bread contains about the same calories as white. Its nutritional superiority consists of its content of fiber that promotes our health. At the same time it is richer in B complex vitamins related to the good functioning of both our nervous system and our metabolism.

Myth

I should not eat pasta at night because I will increase my weight

There is no scientific evidence to suggest that carbohydrate consumption in the evening may lead to weight gain. Pasta are found at the base of the Mediterranean pyramid along with other starchy foods that must be eaten daily such as bread and rice.

Truth

Fructose and sugar contain the same calories

One gram of fructose yields 4 calories, the same with one gram of sugar. Their difference is that fructose is 1.5 times sweeter than sugar and so to achieve the same sweetening result we use less fructose, so we take fewer calories.