Both pregnancy and breastfeeding are two very important periods in a woman's life, during which many changes occur in her body and the dietary requirements vary. Pregnancy is a critical period in which the pregnancy's nutritional status affects and determines both the physical and mental state of the fetus as well as the health of the pregnant woman.
Recent studies suggest that several of the major adult diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, non-insulin-dependent diabetes and obesity arise from impaired endometrial growth, which is affected by the pregnant's nutritional status.
With regard to breastfeeding, the highest priority is the production of high-value milk and the prolongation of its duration as much as possible. Due to the fact that most of the substances entering the breastfeeding woman's body pass into breast milk, it needs special attention in taking medication and alcohol and smoking. The role of the dietitian for the health of the nursing mother and especially of the infant is particularly important since it is the responsibility of encouraging exclusive breastfeeding in the first place and in the process of regulating the nutrition of both the mother and the infant itself during the transition to the mixed diet.
The role of the dietitian in these critical periods of a woman's life is very important. In collaboration with the individual doctor and after having received and evaluated all the necessary data, he / she develops a personalized diet program that meets the needs of the pregnant / breastfeeding nutrient and at the same time helps to maintain the woman's weight within the prescribed limits. Finally, care is extended to the infant's nutrition, since it has now been shown that both endometrial life and infancy play a key role in safeguarding and promoting the health of the child and the adult.